Combate à exclusão social entre populações de jovens sem-abrigo: uma investigação comparativa de trajectórias de vida e programas de reinserção para mulheres e homens jovens adultos de diversas condições étnicas e migratórias
This research project focuses particularly on groups of socially excluded youth – homeless young people and those at risk of homelessness - and promotes a dynamic understanding of their life-trajectories. It takes into account gender and ethnic minority affiliation and its policy outcomes and programme recommendations will apply across these groups of young people and those with low education qualifications, and poorer employment and social integration prospects. Moreover, it involves the active participation of young people as both subject and object involving participatory research methods to achieve relevant findings for the personal development of young people, their social integration and social cohesion.
Levels of youth homelessness vary between European countries in relation to the patterns of support available to young people through their own economic efforts, social security transfers, family support and costs of entering local housing markets. All of these factors also vary within countries in relation to gender, ethnic minority group and migrant status. However, even Mediterranean societies, with strong family support systems, have begun to experience youth homelessness amongst local as well as migrant populations.
In Northern Europe interventionist programmes have been developed designed to either: a) structure social work with hostel dwellers (the Netherlands ‘8 Step Programme) to promote reintegration and social inclusion within hostels for adult homeless and b) prevent youth homelessness among those most at risk (school excluded and runaways) through providing personal, education/employment development and family support through a multi-agency network (the UK ‘Safe Moves’ programme). CSEYHP is designed to test these programmes. CSEYP will: 1) Investigate the efficacy of these programmes with different homeless youth populations (male/female, ethnic minorities and migrant youth) in the Netherlands and UK and review the work of parallel programmes being developed elsewhere in Europe. 2) Investigate the adaptability of these programmes of work with different homeless youth populations in Mediterranean countries (Portugal) and Central Europe (Czech Republic ). 3) Investigate the roles of, and relationships between, trusted adults, lead professionals, peer mentors and family members in the delivery of these programmes and in lives of socially excluded young people in order to establish the most effective inclusion strategies. 4) Establish both theoretical and practical models appropriate to the combating of social exclusion among young people most at risk.
Methods will include expert interviews, life history/service history interviews, observation of key-working and early intervention with young people, the working of the programme by national teams and the involvement of excluded youth in interviewing and observation.
CIES-IUL - Centre for Research and Studies in Sociology
Netherlands Centre for social development
London Metropolitan University,
Charles University, Faculty of Humanities