Immigration and trafficking for labor exploitation. Nepalese in greenhouses in Portugal

The project focuses on the migration of Nepalese to work red fruit agriculture in the south of Portugal and the relationship with trafficking for labor exploitation. It has two main objectives, i) the research of the experiences and ii) the contribution for actions of prevention and fight against the traffic. In order to do so, it initially intends to conduct interviews in the country of origin to  Nepalese immigrants before they leave Nepal and to those who have since returned from Portugal, as well as to the Nepalese immigrants in the country of destination (Portugal), in order to understand the specific role of recruitment companies and trafficking throughout the migratory process.

The research will be published in two scientific papers. For the contribution of actions the team members intend to discuss with the different agents related with the Nepalese migration process (recruiters, managers of agricultural companies, municipalities, SEF, ACT, Human Trafficking Observatory, etc.) to create initiatives to prevent and combat trafficking in human beings for labor exploitation, as well as greater visibility and articulation for the activities already implemented, as it is the case of "New Generation of Local Security Contracts "in Serpa, Ministry of Internal Administration.

The discussion of actions will focus on three points. Firstly, the way in which seasonal agricultural work can be regulated should be based on Directive 2014/36 - EU of 26/02/2014 on the entry of third country nationals into seasonal work, which is still to be transposed to Portugal. Secondly, initiatives for a greater participation of Nepalese in Portuguese language courses, already existing in municipalities in the south of Portugal (AA.VV. 2015), as one of the main resources of integration and qualification of immigrants. Thirdly, the translation of Portuguese labor legislation selected for English and Nepalese, to empower Nepalese workers and entrepreneurs of recruitment agencies. 

Team: Cláudia Pereira (CIES-IUL, ISCTE-IUL; AUDAX) (global coordinator), Rui Pena Pires (CIES-IUL, ISCTE-IUL) (local coordinator), Alexandra Marques (CIES-IUL, ISCTE-IUL), Aashima Budal (CIES-IUL, ISCTE-IUL), Inês Lourenço (CRIA-IUL);  Jacquelyn Meshelemiah (The Ohio University, EUA), João Carvalho (CIES-IUL, ISCTE-IUL), Manuel João Ramos (CEI-IUL, ISCTE-IUL), Joana Daniel-Wrabetz (CIES-IUL, ISCTE-IUL), Renato Carmo (CIES-IUL, ISCTE-IUL), Sanjeev Dahal (Nepal School of Social Work, Boston College).


Start Date
End Date
Project Funding
AUDAX (titular do financiamento) através do Alto Comissariado para as Migrações (ACM)
External Partners
CIES-IUL - Centre for Research and Studies in Sociology
Data from Ciência-IUL