The Welfare State and the evolution of public employment policies in Portugal - the last 20 years
Resume

Project structure / summary 1. The Concept of Welfare State a) Causes for the emergence of the Welfare State b) Different approaches to the conceptual definition of the Welfare State today 2. Evolution of Public Employment in Portugal a) The period from 1974 to 2000 b) The beginning of the 21st century: shifters and causes c) Public employment in the EU: a comparative perspective 3. Consequences of the reduction and aging of public employment in the Welfare State as an actor providing services to citizens 4. Public employment and provision of public services: health and education a) Public employment in the Health field - evolution of medical and nursing careers - number of employees / per capita - the demographic problem / more elderly population in need of more health care - representations/perceptions of institutional actors, health professionals and citizens about the provision of health care and the adequacy in quantity and quality of the human resources assigned to it (questionnaires / interviews) b) Public employment in the Education field - evolution of staff (teachers, auxiliaries, special education teachers, psychologists, etc.) - representations/perceptions of institutional actors, education professionals and citizens about the provision of education services and the adequacy in quantity and quality of the human resources assigned to it (questionnaires / interviews) Objective and methodology The present study aims at discussing the concept of the Welfare State today, as well as the evaluation of public employment and its evolution over the last decades. Based on a definition of a Social State that preserves its universalist nature, the research will seek to discuss the public employment necessary (both quantity and quality) to ensure that the Portuguese State is able to maintain the solidarity and universalism in an appropriate way. After conducting a discussion on the conceptual definition of the Welfare State in the present day and characterizing and quantifying the existing personnel in Public Administration in Portugal, as well as its evolution, the causes for this evolution and the expected consequences, the study will focus essentially on the evaluation of the provision of public services in the case of health and education, and on the relationship between the quantity and the competences of the staff and the quality of the services. To this end, in addition to analyzing the evolution of the number of personnel in the different careers of these two areas, a questionnaire survey and interviews will be developed and applied in order to know: - representations of institutional actors (interviews), health professionals (questionnaires) and citizens (questionnaires) about the provision of health care and the adequacy in quantity and quality of the human resources assigned to it; - the representations of institutional actors (interviews), education professionals (questionnaires) and citizens (questionnaires) about the provision of education services and the adequacy in quantity and quality of the human resources assigned to it Explanatory note The project we propose to develop "The Welfare State and the evolution of public employment policies in Portugal - the last 20 years" aims to continue another project, "Public employment in the Portuguese Public Administration: the period from 1974 to 2016," developed in the Department of Research, International Relations and Communication (DIRIC) of the Directorate General of Administration and Public Employment (DGAEP) during the first half of 2017.

Start Date
2018-01-01
End Date
2019-12-31
External Partners
CIES-IUL - Centre for Research and Studies in Sociology
Data from Ciência-IUL
ISCTE FCT Portugal
W3C