The Observatories are technical and research structures independent from CIES-IUL. In the case of the Inequality Observatory (Observatório das Desigualdades), of the Emigration Observatory (Observatório da Emigração - OEm) and of the Observatory on Communication (Observatório da Comunicação - Obercom), CIES-IUL is responsible by their functioning and scientific coordination. However, in the case of the Observatory on Families and Family Policies (Observatório das Famílias e das Políticas de Família - OFAP), CIES-IUL is a research partner and its researchers are integrated in the Coordinating Comission of the Observatory.